2009 RULE BOOK Questions may be directed to: WASHINGTON DWARF CAR ASSOCIATION 342 Harrison St. Port Townsend, WA 98368 (Effective January 1, 2009) WASHINGTON DWARF CAR ASSOCIATION (WDCA) has the right to change, add, delete or modify in any way any of these rules.

Updated October 2018


Rule Amendments and clarifications

Download the Rules
The primary reasons for drafting this rule book are to promote safety, affordability and competitiveness within the Dwarf Car Division. We hope the you realize there are very few affordable race cars left. By staying within the scope of this rule book the Dwarf Car will remain an affordable race car division and we intend to keep it that way. Please note the following are “common sense” type rules. Our objective is to minimize rule changes. Do not attempt to build a Dwarf Car without first contacting WDCA for the rule clarifications. If a car is built that does not meet the WDCA specifications, it will not be able to compete with the WDCA.


Note: The following rules are for the Dwarf Car division. Interpretation of or amendments to these rules may be made at any time. The rules and/or regulations set forth herein are designed to provide for the orderly conduct of racing events and to establish minimum acceptable requirements for such events. These rules shall govern the condition of all events, and by participating in these events, all licensees are deemed to have complied with these rules. No express or implied warranty of safety shall result from publications of, or compliance with, these rules and/or regulations. They are intended as a guide for the conduct of the sport and are in no way a guarantee against injury or death to participants.


To Dwarf Car Racers and Perspective Racers: The reason for these rules are so you can have a Dwarf Car that can be raced at any track that races Dwarf Cars and be legal. Dwarf Car rules have been tried an tested in many ways and seem to be working very well. One of our main goals is to keep a Low Dollar Dwarf Car. Any rule change will be to keep it that way or for safety reasons. We also want to keep all Dwarf Car Owners and drivers working together. In this way, we will make the Dwarf Car association on of the strongest racing associations in the nation. In order to do this, you and everyone you know with a Dwarf Car will have to have help.


1. There will be no special class of cars, all oval track Dwarf Cars run under the same competition.
2. Car body will be of 1928 to 1948 vintage coupe or sedan. Will have to be made or produced from 1928 to 1948 coupe, sedan or pick-up. Will have been a production car. All frames and roll cages, including firewall, doors, and rear section framing, must be fabricated as a single unit frame already forming the actual contour and dimensions of the finished body. Sheet metal, meaning the outside skin, must be permanently attached, riveted, spot welded or dzus fastened no more than 12″ between attach points located near the outside perimeter of each panel where it meets the roll cage, firewall, or trunk framing. Skin may not bulge or gap open between any attach points.
3. No open top cars such as roadsters or convertibles. No convertible bodies with fabricated hard top, or “T” tops. Must be replica of factory stock body. Must have full roof of metal construction. All roll cage bracing must be left intact permanently
(welded). Enter and exit by door only.
4. No foreign makes, panels, station wagons or woodies. Only closed top, meaning hardtop, American passenger cars and pick-ups.
5. Will be of all metal construction. No fiberglass, plastic, nylon, etc. No aluminum for frames or roll cages.Outer skins shall be a minimum of 26 gauge steel or aluminum of equal durability.
6. Firewall between engine and manned compartment is mandatory and must be a minimum of .030 sheet metal. The following are recommended sizes: .032 stainless, .049 sheet metal or .090 aluminum. Must be a complete firewall, front and rear, separating engine and trunk compartment from manned compartment. No gaps in Firewall larger than 1/8″.
7. No fenders, front or rear. No 1/2 fenders or motorcycle fenders. No structure of any kind to simulate or act as a fender.
8. Doors and windows must remain in stock appearance and location. Body must be skinned to match its kind (i.e. 3-window coupe frame must be operational and allow passage). Windows and doors must be near exact scaled size, shape and location. All doors must be hinged as to open in the same manner as original factory model of its kind, except rear access panel on models with no trunk door. No trunk or rear access panel may be 100% removable, such as fastened entirely with dzus fasteners. Must have some means of permanent fastener, such as a safety cable, chain or hinge. All access panels must conform to or match body style.
9. All inside suspension mounts must be shielded from the driver compartment. No sharp edges or protruding objects shall be allowed inside the driver’s compartment. All cut and free standing edges of the sheet metal must be folded or covered with a molding such as all four edges of the door skin and all of the window openings. This does not include the front and rear edges of the hood or trunk door or the rear access panels. No sharp objects inside or outside of the car. Right and left door must have at least two bars minimum of .065″ x .750″ OD tubing welded through the midsection of the door frame. The bar supporting the driveshaft
tunnel may count as one of these bars, but only on the driveshaft side.
10. Door openings must have supports welded to the inside of the front and rear door posts to prevent the door from being pushed into the body upon impact.
11. Each car will have grill shell and simulated original grill matching its body style or a simulated radiator and vertical loop mounting bar mounted in near stock location and a hood to match radiator size and body style as not to distract from overall appearance. No grill required if simulated radiator is used.
12. All door latches must be a positive locking device so as not to open from vibration or upset, and must not jam if door is damaged. Latches must be placed high enough on the door so as to be easily reached from the outside of the car.
13. Hood must be fastened securely by spring latch, bolt and nut or dzus fasteners. No self-tapping screws as on the rest of the car.
14. No body shall be over 44″ tall from bottom of outer edge to extreme top, including the frame rail. No body shall be over 52″ tall from ground up to extreme top. Loaded or unloaded, with or without driver, the car must be within these measurements at all times.
15. No body shall exceed 38″ in width, measured at the widest point, usually the rear door post.
16. Engine compartment must conform to scale of body length and must match contour of body where it meets the right and left side body panels. Firewall or cowling outer skin must be stock appearing in size and shape, only inner panel may be altered.
17. No glass of any kind will be permitted. A half inch square mesh windscreen is required in place of windshield only. Plexi-glass will only be permitted for rear quarter window.
18. No radiator or oil coolers will be mounted in the driver’s compartment or on the rear decks. Functional radiator may be mounted in trunk area. No ventilation holes to any cooler from the driver’s compartment or rear decks. Any hoses carrying liquid through the driver’s compartment must be completely shielded from the driver by sheet metal and the hose must be of sufficient strength to prevent bursting.


19. All lower frame side rails will be made of 1″ x 2″ rectangular tubing with a minimum of .120″ wall thickness (lower frame rails on right and left side running from extreme front to extreme rear, does not include cross members). No round, oval or square tubing in lower side main frame rails. There will be a minimum of three cross members in the manned compartment: one at the forward end, one at the rear and one and the center. The cross members will be made of steel only, with a minimum thickness of .120″. Can be round, square, oval or angle; No aluminum. Roll cage will be 1″ or 1 1/2″ mild steel tubing of .065″ thickness. Floor pan must be welded to main frame and at least 18 gauge steel. Seat pan must be welded to the main frame and be of at least 14 gauge steel.


20. Kick-outs (nerf bars) must be mounted in front of the rear axle only. A maximum length of 42″ using a stock not to exceed 1 1/4″ diameter. Must be mounted a minimum of three places (two lower and one upper), no more than 42″ center to center of both lower mounting points, and the upper no more than 18″ bottom of frame rail or lowest forward mounting point. The kick-outs will not extend out further than the wheels. Doors must remain functional and comply with body requirement rules.


21. Front bumpers must be no wider than 36″ and will not extend more than 6″ forward of front tires. Front and rear bumpers must be at least 4″ off the ground and no more than 14″ above ground (measured from the ground to the top of bumper). Bumpers will be at least 6″ high.
22. Rear bumper must be no wider than 50″ and will not exceed 6″ from extreme rear body panel, or 8″ if car has a simulated fuel tank.


23. Front suspension must not exceed 25″ from the ground to the highest point of the suspension or extend rearward past the most forward panel of the firewall, except under frame rail, where it cannot be seen from either side. All steering mechanisms must have safety fasteners, such as cotter pins or self-locking nuts. No rear suspension shall be mounted or extended outside the car’s natural body lines except through rear wheel opening.
24. Straight axles are not allowed.
25. Coil-over suspension only. No torsion bars or leaf springs allowed front or rear.
26. No driver adjustable suspension mechanism in cockpit area or within reach of the driver.
27. No electric, hydraulic, air or ratchet type of weight jacks allowed.


28. Automotive steel hydraulic or gas shocks only. One shock per wheel, four shocks per car maximum.
29. Manual coil adjusters allowed so long as they are not adjustable from cockpit area.


30. Motorcycle engines only. No snowmobile or other special application engines. Engines must have been built originally by the motorcycle factory for a production run of 500 or more. Serial numbers must be left unmarked on the engine for date verification.
31. Engine size is limited to a maximum of 1250cc. No blowers or fuel injection allowed unless it was a stock factory item on that engine in which case it must be kept in its original state.
32. Engine must have all parts operational such as the transmission and clutch. Charging systems may be modified or removed.
33. No air or electric shifters allowed. Manuel shifter only.
34. Engine must be cooled by the manufacturers intent. No added water jackets of any kind. Extra fans or oil coolers are acceptable as long as they don’t distract form the neat appearance of the car. Larger radiators than stock are acceptable as long as they don’t distract from the neat appearance of the car.
35. Engine must be self starting by manufacturer’s intent.
36. All engines must be front mounted in stock location for the model of the car. Engine may not extend more than 12″ to either side of car body centerline.
37. No engine/transmission assembly may extend to rear more than 17″ from the front axle line. Engine rear will be determined by the furthest machined surface of the imaginary square of the engine, usually stock cylinder fins for the sides, tappet cover screen for the front, rear of the transmission case for the back. Bolt heads, dowel abutments, transmission drive flanges, alternator cases, point covers and other such protrusions will not serve as measure point. Front axle location will be determined by scaling photograph of car to 73″ wheel base and mounting front axle in actual proportion to car body.


38. Exhaust and headers must be installed as not to distract from a stock appearing hood, with the exception of side panels. Any hood may be notched, bent or cut in such a manner as not to distract from stock appearance.
39. A muffler good for maintaining 95 DBA or better is recommended and is mandated at some tracks.


40. All batteries must be rear mounted (trunk area).
41. Batteries must be securely mounted with a top restraint (no rubber), restraint must also hold on battery caps.
42. All cars must have one clearly marked master switch. All cars shall be equipped with a manual shut-off safety switch located on the rear exterior of car. The switch must be marked with the words “ON” and “OFF”, and must be wired from the positive side of battery.


43. Only fuels allowed are gasoline, racing fuel, or aviation fuel. No nitrous oxide, no alcohol.


44. Fuel cell/tank not to exceed 5 gallons. Tank must be vented so as not leak fuel in any position, non leaking cap. Fuel cell must be mounted between frame rails, in trunk. Fuel cell must be mounted with metal straps only, must have complete fire wall between driver and fuel cell. No pressurized fuel system.
45. Manually operated fuel shut-off valve is optional. Off position must be clearly marked and valve handle to be pointed as to be seen easily. Any fuel lines passing through the driver compartment must be steel with sufficient strength to prevent bursting.


46. Must be shaft driven to automotive type differential. Steel drivelines only. Drivelines must be painted white.
47. Must drive rear wheels only. No limited slip rear ends, homemade or otherwise.  Quick change rear ends are allowed.
48. Drivelines must be enclosed where they pass through the driver’s compartment with sufficient strength to protect the driver in case of failure. Driveline must have at least three 360 degree loops around it. One near each end, and one near the center. Frame members may act as part or all of loop.


49. Must have brake operating both rear wheels. Front brakes are mandatory. Right front brake may have shut off valve.


50. Wheelbase must be 73″ (+ or – 1/2″). Tire width may not exceed 62″ measured from the extreme outside edge of the tire. (Car must be able to pass through a 62″ opening)
51. The center of the front and rear axles will be mounted in the center of the body, no off-set hubs front or rear. Off-set rims are legal.


52. The bottom of the driver’s seat must be no more than 63″ back from the front axle line and the top no more than 68″ but may be less if desired.
53. Seat will be safely secured, four places with no less than 3/8″ bolts and fender washers are recommended.
54. All cars must have an approved type of five point racing harness equipped with a quick release buckle. Both ends must be fastened to the frame of the car with grade 8 bolts or better of not less than 3/8″ diameter. All seat belts should be installed at a 45 degree angle to the driver’s hips. Shoulder harness coming from behind the driver should go over both shoulders so that he or she will be held securely in the seat.
55. All cars must have an approved quick release, removable steering wheel.


56. Steel wheels only with a wall thickness of at least .100″. Wheel diameter is limited to 13″ only with rim width of 8″ maximum. No bead locks or bead lock rims of any kind.
57. The required asphalt tire is the American Racer Nedwarf P215/60D13, P235/60D13, P235/60D13(SH). The required dirt tire is the Hoosier RC1/RC3/UDRA Medium (400) or Soft (100)/or Western States Hoosier HTWD tire.


58. No car shall weigh under 1000 pounds or over 1200 pounds without driver at any time.
59. There will be a 70 pound limit on ballast. All ballast must be securely bolted or welded inside of body and extend no lower than the frame rails. No ballast will be mounted outside of the body or frame. Ballast must be painted white and have your car number on it.


60. Numbers must be in at least three places: both doors and on the roof so as to be read from the right side of the car. The numbers will be a minimum of 12″ in height and the width must be approximately 2/3 of the height, except for the number 1. No roman numerals or letters can be used. Numbers can only be one or two digits.
61. It is recommended all cars carry the name and painting of a cartoon character. You may make up your own if you wish. It is also recommended that all cars carry the words “WASHINGTON (or abbreviated WA) DWARF CAR”. These words should be at least 2″ high and should be on the body skin in plain sight.
62. There will be no duplicate numbers or cartoon characters allowed in the same racing region.
63. The issued assigned numbers and characters must be used within six months of the start of the current season (January 1st) or six months from issue if assigned during the current season. In this context “used” is defined as taking a green flag in your car with number and character properly displayed during a WDCA sanctioned event. If number and/or character are not used they will become available.
64. The #1 number is reserved for the points champion of the proceeding year. His or her original number will be reserved for one year or until there is a new points champion.


65. Approved racing type helmets with a Snell rating of 2010 or better are to be used. No exceptions.
66. All cars are required to have some form of fire suppression on board. Every car must have a minimum 2 pound fire extinguisher in their pit area.
67. All drivers must wear an approved driving suit. Single layer fire suit minimum. Drivers must wear racing gloves, shoes and neck brace. It is strongly recommended to use a head restraint device. Nomex underwear mandatory on single layer racing suits. Nomex head socks are highly recommended.
68. At the beginning of race night, all cars must have all body parts intact.
69. No transmitting or listening devices are allowed on driver or in the car (except track transponders and track raceceivers). Track transponders shall be mounted 63″ (or farther) back from the upper ball joint. No rear viewing devices of any kind are allowed.


70. Driver responsibility: The driver shall be responsible for the actions of their pit crew with the car. One designated representative shall be the sole spokesperson for the car driver, owner and pit crew in any and all matters pertaining to the race, and only that representative shall take part in any arbitration with the Association Officials in charge.
71. Alcohol/Drugs: Drinking of intoxicating beverage on the racing premises in advance of any program is strictly forbidden. Any person whatsoever who shows evidence of having partaken of alcohol beverage will be required to leave the premises immediately and may be subject to a fine of not less than $50.00. Use of illegal drugs at any time shall be cause for immediate, indefinite suspension and/or fine of not less than $250.00.


Trophy Dash Heat “B” Main “A” Main
1st 4 7 15 45
2nd 3 5 14 43
3rd 2 4 13 41
4th 1 3 12 39
5th 2 11 37
6th 1 10 35
7th 1 9 33
8th 1 8 31
9th 1 7 29
10th 1 to Each Car 6 27
11th 5 25
12th 4 23
13th 3 21
14th 2 20
15th 1 19
16th 1 to Each Car 18
17th 17
18th 16
19th 15
20th 14
21th 13
22th 13 to Each Car
72. This points system will only apply to designated points races. Points will be awarded to car number. To receive points in a WDCA event the owner and driver must be paid members before they take a competitive lap the evening of the event.
73. Last place points awarded per event to any car receiving a black flag (other than for mechanical reasons).
74. Any car taking a green flag is awarded points by laps completed (official track finish will be used to determine finishing order of cars that did not finish).
75. “B” trophy or “B” main move ups forfeit “B” trophy or “B” main points and awards.
76. There will be one throw-out race per season.
77. Qualifying: At the tracks that qualify, time trials establish trophy dash and heat race starting positions:
Trophy Dash:
a) Cars with the 4 fastest qualifying times, inverted.
b) Cars with the 5th to 8th fastest qualifying times, inverted
If Qualifying laps are not held, the top four finishers from the last main event, inverted.
Heat Races:
With Qualifying laps, the order from the qualifying times, fully inverted OR
If no Qualifying laps, the line-up would be taken from the finish order of the last main event and fully inverted.
Main Event:
Full invert of the finishing order of the heat race.
This holds true up to 8 rows at which time anyone not in the top 16 will be in the back. At 20 cars we will invert 9 rows.
78. Rookie Driver: A Rookie Driver is anyone who has not taken more than 5 green flags in a dwarf car. Rookie drivers must start one heat race and one main event in last position and carry a rookie marker.
79. Restarts: Must complete one lap before a race is official. If one lap is not complete there will be a complete (double file) restart. Single file restarts after race is official, lapped cars will hold position as crossed start/finish line.
80. Caution Laps: There will be no racing and no passing under yellow track conditions. Caution lap lineup will revert back to last completed lap unless otherwise specified by track.
81. Any car involved in a yellow flag condition will be sent to the back of the pack (even if you didn’t cause the initial yellow flag).
82. Any car causing two yellow flags by themselves (in a single race) will be disqualified for that race.
83. Flagging: Green- indicates start of race or resume after caution or red flag. Red- stop on track safely, do not block emergency vehicle lanes, stay single file, all drivers must stay inside their car. White- signifies one lap remaining in race Yellow- denotes a caution condition; slow maintain position, no passing. Checkered- indicates the completion of race. Black- Car must leave track, report to pit official for explanation. Black w/ Yellow Diamond- Mechanical problems, car must leave track, report to pit official for explanation. Blue w/ diagonal Yellow Stripe- Signifies that faster traffic is overtaking and cars being overtaken as signaled should prepare to yield to overtaking traffic. Furled Yellow- indicates track obstruction or hazard condition, beware and continue racing. Furled Black- a warning to a driver to be aware that the flagman noticed some kind of infraction and if it occurs again the driver will receive a black flag.
84. Protest: A protest should be the driver/owners last resort to resolve a problem. Normal rules/specification questions and interpretations should be handled by the pit steward or tech crew. All driver/owner grievances should be directed to the pit steward for immediate resolution. If after exhausting these normal channels, a grievance is not answered to your satisfaction, the next stop would be a formal protest.
85. Protest (without a cc checker). All protests must be submitted in writing to the pit steward, with $50.00 (non-motor tear down) or $200.00 (motor tear down), no later than 15 minutes after the conclusion of the questioned race. Only one representative per car can approach the pit steward and submit a protest.
86. Protest (with cc checker). All protests must be submitted in writing to the pit steward, with $50.00, no later than 15 minutes after the conclusion of the questioned race. Only one representative per car can approach the pit steward and submit a protest. Pit steward will bring the protest to the Board of Directors and a decision will be made (within one week on all technical items). If the board rules in favor of the initiator all but $20.00 will be refunded. If the board rules the protest to be invalid, all monies will be forfeited. All protest funds acquired by the association (minus tear down expense) will go toward the end of the year points fund.
87. Ten dollars will be deducted from each pay out for the points fund.
The corporate name of this non-profit corporation is WASHINGTON DWARF CAR ASSOCIATION.
This corporation is organized for the purpose of promoting race events for a class of race cars known as �Dwarf� cars. The prime objective is for the members to build and race low budget DWARF cars built to specifications as defined in the Washington Dwarf Cars Rule and Amendments.
Section 1 Directors: The Board of Directors shall consist of 5 individuals. Four as elected by the membership. The 5th Director will be the President of the Washington Dwarf Cars Association as elected by the membership.
Section 2 Term: All five Board of Directors shall be for a period of one year as elected by the membership.
Section 3 Duties: a. Board of Directors shall see that all officers perform their duties and assist them in any matter pertaining to the business of the organization.
b. Directors shall grant a hearing to any member who has been charged with a misconduct or any violation of a Washington Dwarf Cars Association By-Law or Rule.
c. It shall be the duty of the Directors to prefer written charges against any officer or member who fails to abide by the Washington Dwarf Cars Association Rules and By-Laws or any person misrepresenting the Washington Dwarf Cars Association in any way.
Section 1 Officers: The Washington Dwarf Cars Association officers shall be a President, Vice President, Secretary and Treasurer. The said officers shall be elected annually.
Section 2 Duties of the President and Vice President: The President, or in his or her absence, the Vice President, shall be chief executive of the Washington Dwarf Cars Association.
Section 3 Duties of the Secretary: The Secretary shall perform all duties conducted with reports, correspondence, minutes and record keeping of the Washington Dwarf Cars Association.
Section 4 Duties of the Treasurer: The Treasurer shall handle all receipts, disbursements, funds and attendance. Provide a Washington Dwarf Cars Association corporation financial report quarterly to the general membership or as requested by the Board of Directors.
Section 5 Any officer who fails to fulfill the duties of his or her office may be removed by a 2/3 majority of the members present at a regular meeting.
Section 6 No member shall be eligible to be elected President unless he or she has been a member of the Washington Dwarf Cars Association for six months prior to election night at some time.
Section 7 There shall be no compensation to any officer or Washington Dwarf Cars Association member for work rendered on any Washington Dwarf Cars Association business or activity.
Section 8 All changes to the By-Laws and Washington Dwarf Cars Association Rules and Amendments must be read to two consecutive membership meetings and must be passed by 2/3 majority vote of the membership present at a regular meeting. All changes passed by the membership must be approved by the Board of Directors before any By-Laws, Rules and Amendments will be changed.
The annual elections of the association shall be held during the first meeting after the regular season ends. The Secretary shall notify all members of such annual elections and meeting date at least ten days prior to said meeting. At said meeting four Board of Directors and four Officers shall be elected by a majority vote of the active members present. Board of Directors and officers; President, Vice President, Secretary and Treasurer begin their elected duties immediately.
Section 1 Active membership of the Washington Dwarf Cars Association shall be open to any person of good moral character and good standing in the community, a minimum of 14 years old.
Section 2 All cars must be able to pass a safety inspection at all times. Safety inspection requirements are listed in the Washington Dwarf Cars Association Rules and Amendments.
Section 3 There shall be a membership fee of $55.00 dollars for each certified member. Said fee shall be collected before the member is certified as a member of the Washington Dwarf Cars Association. When the driver and car owner are not one and the same, both must pay $55.00 (both must be paid members). The membership fee will be determined at the first meeting after the regular season by the association members after reviewing prior year expenditures. Membership term will be annual January to December.
Washington Dwarf Cars Association shall meet once a month or as designated by the members.
Established parliamentary proceedings shall be used as far as practical.
This Washington Dwarf Cars Association shall in no way be legally liable or responsible for the actions of its Board of Directors, Washington Dwarf Cars Association Officers and individual members.
Section 1 A simple majority vote is required for any general business matters brought to the membership.
Section 2 All paid members are eligible to vote on Constitution, By-Laws and general business matters. Each registered car number is allocated one vote on mechanical, specification and track matters (a registered car is defined as a car/driver that has taken five green flags during the current or previous season as a paid Washington Dwarf Cars Association member).
Section 1 Positions: The Washington Dwarf Cars Association technical committee shall consist of a Pit Steward and four technical inspectors.
Section 2 Term: Pit Steward and technical inspectors will be elected by the general membership during the annual election meeting. Term will be one year.
Section 3 Duties: Pit Steward; shall (a) have full authority of all pit transactions such as but not limited to, race line-ups and points tabulations, unless over-ruled by the Board of Directors (b) act as Washington Dwarf Cars Association focal point with track (c) hear and act on race night driver’s grievances. Technical Inspectors shall enforce all safety and car specification rules.